What is Vitrectomy Surgery?

Vitrectomy surgery is the removal of vitreous gel done to repair many of the retinal disorders, which were previously considered inoperable. During a vitrectomy, the surgeon inserts small instruments into the eye, cuts the vitreous gel, and suctions it out. After removing the vitreous gel, the surgeon may treat the retina with a laser (photocoagulation), cut or remove fibrous or scar tissue from the retina, flatten areas where the retina has become detached, or repair tears or holes in the retina or macula. The procedure is performed in an operating room under local or general anesthesia.