The retina is the light-sensitive tissue layer that lines the inside of the eye and sends visual messages through the optic nerve to the brain. As we age, the retina can begin to wear and small tears or holes may develop on the retina. These areas can eventually lead to retinal detachment. When the retina detaches, it is lifted or pulled from its normal position, away from the back wall of the eye. If not promptly treated, retinal detachment can lead to permanent vision loss.

retinal tear

Symptoms of Retinal Detachment

Although anyone can have a retinal tear or detachment, the following factors are common predispositions:

  • High myopia (nearsightedness)
  • Older age
  • Previous eye surgery
  • Trauma to the eye
  • Diseases, such as diabetes
  • Thinning or weakness of the retina
  • Family history of retinal tears or detachments

Treatment Options:

There are several treatment methods for retinal holes, tears, and detachments. The appropriate treatment depends on the type, severity and location of the retinal lesion. On some occasions, retinal tears are watched without treatment. But in most cases, retinal tears will usually be treated with laser photocoagulation or cryotherapy (freezing) to seal the retina to the back wall of the eye again. Your retinal surgeon at Regional Retinal Consultants will evaluate and determine the appropriate treatment option for your particular situation.